Influence on the Arctic ecosystem
Scientists say that rapid changes in the Arctic ecosystem are being seen due to shrinkage in Arctic ice expansion and increase in temperature of the Earth. Increasing temperature also affects the arctic ocean’s ability to absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Its direct impact is visible in the Arctic Plant Plankton (Phytoplankton), because now they are growing 50 days ahead of their growth time.
Scientists believe that the impact will be on the Arctic food chain as these pedestals are the basis of the food chain. From them, the food and breeding cycle of Arctic fishes, sea birds and polar bears continues. Another surprising report published in ‘Remote Sensing of Environment‘, which states that greenery is increasing in the Arctic part of North America from Alaska to Canada.
Researchers believe that this is happening due to the changing climate, because nearly one-third of the North Pole which is largely untreatable, is now also experiencing conditions like warm ecosystems. It really reflects the effect of climate on the flora in the Arctic. Due to the rapid increase of temperature in the North Pole, plants are getting more time to grow and change the land. Scientists have found that 29.4 percent of the Arctic area is green.
The Arctic Ocean
In an article published on the Arctic in New York Times in November, 2006, Kevin R., a marine biologist at Stanford University. According to Arigo, it has been reported that between 2005 and 2015, the arctic ecosystem has seen an increase of 47 percent in the annual production of green algae, which is the main source of food grains.
Every spring in the Arctic, when the sun returns, then some ice melted during the winter melt. In this way the algae begin to grow rapidly in the spring. Then these rabbits eat croill and other invertebrates, then these organisms eat big fish, mammals and birds.
This ecological system of Arctic thus runs. But Arigo believes that this year, due to the rise of algae in the Arctic Ocean, the color of sea water has become green, its productivity also increased. They say that due to the thickness of the Arctic ice, now the algae does not have to wait for the melting of the ice to get the sunlight, rather the solar light is reaching them in sufficient quantity. Scientists are continuously researching this kind of unbalanced marine production on the ecosystem in the future, but it will take time to reach any conclusion.
The Arctic Council is one of the leading inter-governmental platforms of eight member countries of the United States, Canada, Russia, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, which cooperates with common Arctic issues, cooperation between Arctic states, Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic residents. In addition to promoting the dialogue, the commitment to work on issues related to Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection, especially in the Arctic Is available.
Arctic Council was founded in 1996 under the Ottawa Declaration. It has also been entrusted with the task of promoting the economic and social and cultural welfare of Arctic nationals. It has six working groups (a) Arctic contaminated action plan (ACAD); (B) Arctic Monitoring and Evaluation Program (AMAP); (C) Conservation of organisms and flora of the Arctic region (Caff); (D) Emergency prevention, readiness and response (EPPR); (E) Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAEME); And (f) Supervisory Development Work Group (SDWG). The agenda of the Arctic Council also includes issues relating to ship transport, regulation of maritime boundaries, investigation and rescue responsibilities, and preparation of strategies for removing adverse effects of melting of Arctic ice.
The permanent members of the Arctic Council include Aleut International Association (AIA), Arctic Athabaskan Council (AAC), Guich the Council International (GCI), Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC), Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (Rapan) and Sami Council SC) are included. This same Arctic Council has presented the Arctic ice melting statistics to the world in its Arctic Resilience Report-2016.