Scientists have anticipated the melting of Arctic‘s natural ice estate to be completely eradicated by the increasing threat of global warming. For the past several decades, especially the American Space Agency NASA and Arctic Circle Forum or Arctic Council and many institutions of the world such as the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) of America, Polar Ocean Physics Department of Cambridge University, German Research Agency Alfred Wagner Institute, France Paul Emily Victor Polar Institute, Institute of the University of Colorado Boulder F Arctic and Alpine Research (Aianstiaaar) etc. Researchers are consistently different scientific studies on the Arctic.
In this series, the latest studies of the last five years brought surprising results to scientists in the month of November 2016, according to which the area of ice in the Arctic has decreased rapidly in the year 2016. According to NASA, the thickest layer of ice in the North Pole area is becoming increasingly vulnerable. According to the scientists, this thick layer of ice was maintained in the first summers, although the thin layer of ice was completely melted or left very little. At the same time, thickness of ice thick layer was increased in the winter. But now due to global warming, where the Arctic ocean is presently threatening the existence of icebergs, the old layers of ice are also ending.
What is Arctic?
In the same way that the area around the South Pole is called Antarctica, similarly the northern region of the Earth’s North Pole, that is, the northern region of the Arctic circle is called the Arctic. It spreads about 1/6 of the Earth. Under the Arctic region, the North Pole of the Earth, the Arctic or the North Pole Ocean around the Pole and the eight Arctic countries associated with Canada, Greenland, Russia, United States of America (Alaska), Iceland, Norway, Sweden and Finland.
Under the international laws, there is no right to any country on the North Pole or the Arctic Oceanic Area. The countries affiliated with this are limited to the exclusive economic zones of 200 nautical miles (370 km) of their borders and the administration of the area ahead of it comes under the International Seed Authority.
The Arctic Ocean is partially covered with a large layer of ice throughout the year and during the winter it is almost completely covered with snow. The temperature and salinity of this ocean varies according to the weather, because its ice melts and spills. Its average salinity is the lowest among the five major oceans, and about 50% of the snow melts here during the summer.
Melting Arctic Resilience Report
Arctic Ice’s unexpectedly melting Arctic Resilience Report has emerged in the entire geological world since its appearance on November 25, 2016. This report has been prepared on the basis of the research data of 11 institutions of Arctic Council and six world-class universities. This report shows unexpected results falling on the ice of the Arctic Ocean with global warming.
According to the report’s statistics, the sea ice of the Arctic Ocean is shrinking and between 1.6 and 19 November 2016 the Arctic sea glaciers decreased by 1.6 million sq. Km. According to the National Snow and Ice Data Center, on November 16, 2016, the Arctic sea ice expansion was 86.74 lakh sq km, which contracted to 86.25 lakh sq km on November 20, 2016. This means that in these four days of November, the Arctic sea ice decreased by 49000 sq km.