Africa is the name of a continent which is in the south-west of Asia in the eastern hemisphere of the Earth. In terms of position and expansion area, Africa is the second largest in the continent. Its area is approximately 1,16,35,000 square miles along the coastal archipelago. Thus, it is more than nine times the Republic of India in the continent area. The continent is unique in terms of latitudinal expansion: it extends almost the same distance between the tropics of both northern and southern hemispheres. 37 degrees 20 ft. 34 degrees 51 ft. And up to 17 degrees 20 ft. 51 degree 12 F.E. Till it spreads. Its maximum length is north of Rasben Sakka to Agulhas Antarup in the south, approximately 5,000 miles and the maximum width is approximately 4,500 miles from the border of the bird to the Guadipui border.
The equator line goes through the middle of this continent. So most of it, about 9 million square miles, falls in the anaerobic region. It is more broad in the north than in the south. About two-thirds of its area is covered in the northern hemisphere and one-third part of the southern hemisphere.The Indian Ocean in the east of the borderland Africa and the Atlantic Ocean is located in the west. In the north is the Mediterranean Sea, whose length is approximately 2,300 miles from the mouth of Gibraltar to the coast of Syria. Gibraltar’s estuary is 15 to 24 miles wide. From Said port to Suez port, about 107 miles long, 650 feet wide and 37 feet deep swave canal joins the Mediterranean Sea with Lalsagar.
Babul Mandab means?
This canal was inaugurated in 1869 AD. This canal is of great importance in the war-time and economically. Recently, Egypt has nationalized this canal. After its creation, the distance of European ports from India has reduced by four to five thousand miles; When this was not done then ships had to go through South Africa. Due to being in Lalsagar beach in the north-east, Africa has become separated from the Asian continent. From the Suez harbor to the southeast, about 1600 miles, this ocean gets foggy. This narrow part is the epitome of ‘Babul Mandab‘, which means ‘door to tears’ according to Arabic language.
Sailors have to be cautious and careful at this place. Its width is about 20 miles, and by the island of Perim the waterway here divides into two parts.Seaside Africa’s coast is not very choppy. On the west coast, there is a huge rocket in the form of Bay of Bay, under which the Bay of Benin is situated. Angola is the Gulf of Lobito in the state. On the south coast there are the streets of Algoya and Delagoa. Mozambique’s estuary in the southeast separates Madagascar Island from Africa. There is a wide flat on the east coast. This is the peninsula of Shumailland in the north-east of the twilight, which is also called Horn of Africa.
It is natural to find more close relations with Africa than the Middle East. This relation is found in hereditary, cultural and pure geographical form. From the description of Herodotus it is known that King Neco of the Egyptian country tried to solve this question of Greek philosophers whether or not this continent is surrounded by the ocean in the south. He first tried unsuccessfully to get a canal at the Suez Mountains. After this, he prepared a fleet of warships in Lalsagar and ordered the chosen Phoenician sailors to revolve around this continent and return to the Gibraltar route.
The Bay of Alagoa
Claudius Tolimí in the book of his geography written in Alexandria in the second century has detailed description of the northern part of this continent. Arabian major geographer Idrisi (1100-1165) has also elaborated the entire continent, in which the description of the origin of the Nile River and the adjacent large lakes is also found. In the 14th and 15th centuries, Portugal-residents made many explorations in this continent and almost exactly marked the outline of this continent. Large lakes have also been shown in that map. In the modern era, many daring young men like Mingopark, Burton, Speck and Livingston have discovered enough. The first credit to cross near Cape Cape (Cape of Good Hope) was achieved in 1487 AD by Bartholomew Dias, who also saw the Bay of Alagoa. Ten years after this, Vasco da Gama moved forward and crossed the Arabian Sea and succeeded in reaching India. From that time till the 19th century, the coastal parts of the continent were circled by the sailors, but most of the interior was kept secret secret itself. There were many geographical reasons for this. So this continent was called the Dark Continent until the last century.